The uniqueness of Morocco lies in its diversity since it mixes between the Berber, Arabian and European cultures. The capital of Morocco is Rabat, and its largest cities are Casablanca, Fez, and Marrakech. The basis of the English name of Morocco is Marrakesh, its capital under the Berber Muslim Almoravid dynasty and Almohad Caliphate Empire. The origin of the name Marrakesh comes from the Berber words amur akush which means "Land of God". The modern Berber name for Marrakesh is Mṛṛakc, and the English name Morocco comes from the Spanish Marruecos. The Moroccan government focuses mainly on the development of tourism, and thus in 2010, the government announced its plan to become part of the list of the top 20 tourist destinations in the world and to increase the annual number of international arrival. Morocco is considered a cheap, exotic and safe place for tourists, so seize the chance to visit, enjoy and learn more about its culture, heritage, climate and best tourist destinations.
Morocco's location is the biggest contributor to the attraction of a large number of tourists. It is a North African country, and one of the three nations that border the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. Morocco lies across the Strait of Gibraltar on the Mediterranean, overlooks the Atlantic from the northwest of Africa, and is bordered by Spain to the north, Algeria to the east and Mauritania to the south. The suitable time to visit Morocco for trekking in the desert is February, enjoying coastal areas or beaches at Essaouira is July and visiting the towns in Morocco is April. Morocco's top season for tourists is July and August when the weather is warm and dry. Its climate varies from region to another, but in general, the climate is moderate and cooled by breezes of the Atlantic and Mediterranean.
The dominant religion in Morocco is Islam. The biggest event on the Moroccan calendar is the month of Ramadan, during which Muslims fast till sunset. During this month, most restaurants are closed for lunch with an exception only for catering for tourists. At the end of the month is the holiday of Eid al-Fitr, when everything closes for a week. The official languages used are Arabic and Berber. Moroccan Dialect of Arabic, which is referred to as Darija, is used by 89 % of the population, and the French is widely spread in governmental institutions, media, and large companies. The common currency used in Morocco is the Moroccan Dirham which is available in both banknotes and coins. In the year 2017, the population of the Kingdom of Morocco was calculated to be more than 35 million.
Morocco has been ruled by a series of dynasties, including the Almoravid and Almohad dynasties since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I. The struggle of The Marinid and Saadi dynasties against foreign domination has allowed Morocco to remain the only northwest African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty took control in the year 1631. In the year 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish colonizers and regained its independence in the year 1956. The Umayyad Caliphate achieved the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb that started in the middle of the 7th century. The Berber tribes adopted Islam without neglecting their customary laws.
Morocco contains some beautiful cities that cannot be missed such as Casablanca, Marrakesh, Fez, Essaouira and Agadir, the major coastal resort, which is best known for its beaches. In Casablanca, the major cruise port, you can visit Hassan II Mosque the largest mosque in Africa, Casablanca Cathedral which is a Roman Catholic Church, the Moroccan Jewish museum and others. You can also enjoy your time on its Corniche area which is the beachfront area with cafes, bars, hotels, and restaurants. In Marrakesh, the popular destination for tourists is Jemaa el-Fnaa which is the main square and market place, where you can enjoy the performance of storytellers and musicians and do shopping. There is also the Majorelle Garden which is created by the French Orientalist artist, Jacques Majorelle, Bahia Palace, Koutoubia Mosque and a lot others. In Fez, you can enjoy observing the architecture of historical landmarks such as Bou Inania Madrasa, The Al-Attarine Madrasa, and Bab Bou Jeloud. You also need to experience climbing the highest mountain of North Africa Mt. Toubkal from Imlil in High Atlas Mountains.
Morocco is a city worth visiting because it allows you to experience and learn about a variety of cultures. It is also a place where you can feel like home with its friendly welcome to everyone, and can spend your time enjoying its remarkable places, food and history. The adventure lies in exploring each and every inch of such a mysterious city.
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